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Mol Ecol DOI:10.1111/mec.13675

Lower prevalence but similar fitness in a parasitic fungus at higher radiation levels near Chernobyl.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAguileta, G, Badouin, H, Hood, ME, Møller, AP, Le Prieur, S, Snirc, A, Siguenza, S, Mousseau, TA, Shykoff, JA, Cuomo, CA, Giraud, T
JournalMol Ecol
Volume25
Issue14
Pages3370-83
Date Published2016 Jul
ISSN1365-294X
Abstract

Nuclear disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima provide examples of effects of acute ionizing radiation on mutations that can affect the fitness and distribution of species. Here, we investigated the prevalence of Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae, a pollinator-transmitted fungal pathogen of plants causing anther-smut disease in Chernobyl, its viability, fertility and karyotype variation, and the accumulation of nonsynonymous mutations in its genome. We collected diseased flowers of Silene latifolia from locations ranging by more than two orders of magnitude in background radiation, from 0.05 to 21.03 μGy/h. Disease prevalence decreased significantly with increasing radiation level, possibly due to lower pollinator abundance and altered pollinator behaviour. Viability and fertility, measured as the budding rate of haploid sporidia following meiosis from the diploid teliospores, did not vary with increasing radiation levels and neither did karyotype overall structure and level of chromosomal size heterozygosity. We sequenced the genomes of twelve samples from Chernobyl and of four samples collected from uncontaminated areas and analysed alignments of 6068 predicted genes, corresponding to 1.04 × 10(7)  base pairs. We found no dose-dependent differences in substitution rates (neither dN, dS, nor dN/dS). Thus, we found no significant evidence of increased deleterious mutation rates at higher levels of background radiation in this plant pathogen. We even found lower levels of nonsynonymous substitution rates in contaminated areas compared to control regions, suggesting that purifying selection was stronger in contaminated than uncontaminated areas. We briefly discuss the possibilities for a mechanistic basis of radio resistance in this nonmelanized fungus.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.13675
DOI10.1111/mec.13675
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27136128?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalMol. Ecol.
PubMed ID27136128