|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Mao, P, Cohen, O, Kowalski, KJ, Kusiel, JG, Buendia-Buendia, JE, Cuoco, MS, Exman, P, Wander, SA, Waks, AG, Nayar, U, Chung, J, Freeman, S, Rozenblatt-Rosen, O, Miller, VA, Piccioni, F, Root, DE, Regev, A, Winer, EP, Lin, NU, Wagle, N|
|Journal||Clin Cancer Res|
|Date Published||2020 Nov 15|
PURPOSE: To identify clinically relevant mechanisms of resistance to ER-directed therapies in ER breast cancer.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We conducted a genome-scale functional screen spanning 10,135 genes to investigate genes whose overexpression confer resistance to selective estrogen receptor degraders. In parallel, we performed whole-exome sequencing in paired pretreatment and postresistance biopsies from 60 patients with ER metastatic breast cancer who had developed resistance to ER-targeted therapy. Furthermore, we performed experiments to validate resistance genes/pathways and to identify drug combinations to overcome resistance.
RESULTS: Pathway analysis of candidate resistance genes demonstrated that the FGFR, ERBB, insulin receptor, and MAPK pathways represented key modalities of resistance. The FGFR pathway was altered via , or amplifications or mutations in 24 (40%) of the postresistance biopsies. In 12 of the 24 postresistance tumors exhibiting FGFR/FGF alterations, these alterations were acquired or enriched under the selective pressure of ER-directed therapy. experiments in ER breast cancer cells confirmed that FGFR/FGF alterations led to fulvestrant resistance as well as cross-resistance to the CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib. RNA sequencing of resistant cell lines demonstrated that FGFR/FGF induced resistance through ER reprogramming and activation of the MAPK pathway. The resistance phenotypes were reversed by FGFR inhibitors, a MEK inhibitor, and/or a SHP2 inhibitor.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that FGFR pathway is a distinct mechanism of acquired resistance to ER-directed therapy that can be overcome by FGFR and/or MAPK pathway inhibitors.
|Alternate Journal||Clin Cancer Res|