Association Between Obesity and Weight Change and Risk of Diverticulitis in Women.
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is little evidence that adiposity associates with diverticulitis, especially among women. We conducted a comprehensive evaluation of obesity, weight change, and incidence of diverticulitis in a large cohort of women.
METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 46,079 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study who were 61-89 years old and free of diverticulitis, diverticular bleeding, cancers, or inflammatory bowel disease at baseline (in 2008). We used Cox proportional hazards models to examine the associations among risk of incident diverticulitis and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, and weight change from age 18 years to the present. The primary end point was first incident diverticulitis requiring antibiotic therapy or hospitalization.
RESULTS: We documented 1084 incident cases of diverticulitis over 6 years of follow-up, encompassing 248,001 person-years. After adjustment for other risk factors, women with a BMI ≥35.0 kg/m had a hazard ratio for diverticulitis of 1.42 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-1.85) compared to women with a BMI
CONCLUSIONS: During a 6-year follow-up period, we observed an association between obesity and risk of diverticulitis among women. Weight gain during adulthood was also associated with increased risk.
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|PubMed Central ID||
K24 DK098311 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK043351 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK101495 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
UM1 CA186107 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States