|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Nagaraja, AK, Kikuchi, O, Bass, AJ|
|Date Published||2019 Dec|
Gastroesophageal adenocarcinomas (GEA) are devastating diseases with stark global presence. Over the past 10 years, there have been minimal improvements in treatment approach despite numerous clinical trials. Here, we review recent progress toward understanding the molecular features of these cancers and the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges posed by their intrinsic genomic instability and heterogeneity. We highlight the potential of genomic heterogeneity to influence clinical trial outcomes for targeted therapies and emphasize the need for comprehensive molecular profiling to guide treatment selection and adapt treatment to resistance and genomic evolution. Revising our clinical approach to GEA by leveraging genomic advances will be integral to the success of current and future treatments, especially as novel targets become therapeutically tractable. SIGNIFICANCE: GEAs are deadly cancers with few treatment options. Characterization of the genomic landscape of these cancers has revealed considerable genetic diversity and spatial heterogeneity. Understanding these fundamental properties of GEA will be critical for overcoming barriers to the development of novel, more effective therapeutic strategies.
|Alternate Journal||Cancer Discov|