|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Basak, A, Munschauer, M, Lareau, CA, Montbleau, KE, Ulirsch, JC, Hartigan, CR, Schenone, M, Lian, J, Wang, Y, Huang, Y, Wu, X, Gehrke, L, Rice, CM, An, X, Christou, HA, Mohandas, N, Carr, SA, Chen, J-J, Orkin, SH, Lander, ES, Sankaran, VG|
|Date Published||2020 Jan 20|
Increased production of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) can ameliorate the severity of sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia. BCL11A represses the genes encoding HbF and regulates human hemoglobin switching through variation in its expression during development. However, the mechanisms underlying the developmental expression of BCL11A remain mysterious. Here we show that BCL11A is regulated at the level of messenger RNA (mRNA) translation during human hematopoietic development. Despite decreased BCL11A protein synthesis earlier in development, BCL11A mRNA continues to be associated with ribosomes. Through unbiased genomic and proteomic analyses, we demonstrate that the RNA-binding protein LIN28B, which is developmentally expressed in a pattern reciprocal to that of BCL11A, directly interacts with ribosomes and BCL11A mRNA. Furthermore, we show that BCL11A mRNA translation is suppressed by LIN28B through direct interactions, independently of its role in regulating let-7 microRNAs, and that BCL11A is the major target of LIN28B-mediated HbF induction. Our results reveal a previously unappreciated mechanism underlying human hemoglobin switching that illuminates new therapeutic opportunities.
|Alternate Journal||Nat. Genet.|
|Grant List||U01 HL117720 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States|