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Nat Commun DOI:10.1038/s41467-019-12372-6

Multiplexed and high-throughput neuronal fluorescence imaging with diffusible probes.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGuo, S-M, Veneziano, R, Gordonov, S, Li, L, Danielson, E, de Arce, KPerez, Park, D, Kulesa, AB, Wamhoff, E-C, Blainey, PC, Boyden, ES, Cottrell, JR, Bathe, M
JournalNat Commun
Date Published2019 Sep 26

Synapses contain hundreds of distinct proteins whose heterogeneous expression levels are determinants of synaptic plasticity and signal transmission relevant to a range of diseases. Here, we use diffusible nucleic acid imaging probes to profile neuronal synapses using multiplexed confocal and super-resolution microscopy. Confocal imaging is performed using high-affinity locked nucleic acid imaging probes that stably yet reversibly bind to oligonucleotides conjugated to antibodies and peptides. Super-resolution PAINT imaging of the same targets is performed using low-affinity DNA imaging probes to resolve nanometer-scale synaptic protein organization across nine distinct protein targets. Our approach enables the quantitative analysis of thousands of synapses in neuronal culture to identify putative synaptic sub-types and co-localization patterns from one dozen proteins. Application to characterize synaptic reorganization following neuronal activity blockade reveals coordinated upregulation of the post-synaptic proteins PSD-95, SHANK3 and Homer-1b/c, as well as increased correlation between synaptic markers in the active and synaptic vesicle zones.


Alternate JournalNat Commun
PubMed ID31558769
PubMed Central IDPMC6763432
Grant ListR01 MH112694 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01-MH112694 / / U.S. Department of Health & Human Services | National Institutes of Health (NIH) /
RM1 HG008525 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
1305537 / / National Science Foundation (NSF) /
P30 ES002109 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
R24 MH106075 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U01 MH106011 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
W911NF1510548 / / United States Department of Defense | U.S. Army (United States Army) /
R01 NS087950 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
1R01NS087950, / / U.S. Department of Health & Human Services | National Institutes of Health (NIH) /
1R24MH106075 / / U.S. Department of Health & Human Services | National Institutes of Health (NIH) /
1707999 / / National Science Foundation (NSF) /