|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Shinde, V, Narasimhan, VM, Rohland, N, Mallick, S, Mah, M, Lipson, M, Nakatsuka, N, Adamski, N, Broomandkhoshbacht, N, Ferry, M, Lawson, AMarie, Michel, M, Oppenheimer, J, Stewardson, K, Jadhav, N, Kim, YJun, Chatterjee, M, Munshi, A, Panyam, A, Waghmare, P, Yadav, Y, Patel, H, Kaushik, A, Thangaraj, K, Meyer, M, Patterson, N, Rai, N, Reich, D|
|Date Published||2019 Sep 04|
We report an ancient genome from the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC). The individual we sequenced fits as a mixture of people related to ancient Iranians (the largest component) and Southeast Asian hunter-gatherers, a unique profile that matches ancient DNA from 11 genetic outliers from sites in Iran and Turkmenistan in cultural communication with the IVC. These individuals had little if any Steppe pastoralist-derived ancestry, showing that it was not ubiquitous in northwest South Asia during the IVC as it is today. The Iranian-related ancestry in the IVC derives from a lineage leading to early Iranian farmers, herders, and hunter-gatherers before their ancestors separated, contradicting the hypothesis that the shared ancestry between early Iranians and South Asians reflects a large-scale spread of western Iranian farmers east. Instead, sampled ancient genomes from the Iranian plateau and IVC descend from different groups of hunter-gatherers who began farming without being connected by substantial movement of people.