|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Date Published||2014 Oct|
|Keywords||Animals, DNA Replication Timing, Epigenesis, Genetic, Gene Expression Regulation, Genomic Instability, Humans, Inheritance Patterns, X Chromosome|
Recent studies based on next-generation DNA sequencing have revealed that the female inactive X chromosome is replicated in a rapid, unorganized manner, and undergoes increased rates of mutation. These observations link the organization of DNA replication timing to gene regulation on one hand, and to the generation of mutations on the other hand. More generally, the exceptional biology of the inactive X chromosome highlights general principles of genome replication. Cells may control replication timing by a combination of intrinsic replication origin properties, local chromatin states and global levels of replication factors, leading to a functional separation between the activity of genes and their mutation.