Role of BRAFV600E in the first preclinical model of multifocal infiltrating myopericytoma development and microenvironment.
Myopericytoma (MPC) is a rare tumor with perivascular proliferation of pluripotent stem-cell-like pericytes. Although indolent, MPC may be locally aggressive with recurrent disease. The pathogenesis and diagnostic biomarkers of MPC are poorly understood. We discovered that 15% of benign MPCs (thyroid, skin; 3 of 20 samples) harbored BRAF(WT/V600E); 33.3% (1 of 3 samples) of BRAF(WT/V600E)-MPCs were multifocal/infiltrative/recurrent. Patient-MPC and primary MPC cells harbored BRAF(WT/V600E), were clonal and expressed pericytic-differentiation biomarkers crucial for its microenvironment. BRAF(WT/V600E)-positive thyroid MPC primary cells triggered in vitro (8.8-fold increase) and in vivo (3.6-fold increase) angiogenesis. Anti-BRAF(V600E) therapy with vemurafenib disrupted angiogenic and metabolic properties (~3-fold decrease) with down-regulation (~2.2-fold decrease) of some extracellular-matrix (ECM) factors and ECM-associated long non-coding RNA (LincRNA) expression, with no effects in BRAF(WT)-pericytes. Vemurafenib also inhibited (~3-fold decrease) cell viability in vitro and in BRAF(WT/V600E)-positive thyroid MPC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mice (n = 5 mice per group). We established the first BRAF(WT/V600E)-dependent thyroid MPC cell culture. Our findings identify BRAF(WT/V600E) as a novel genetic aberration in MPC pathogenesis and MPC-associated biomarkers and imply that anti-BRAF(V600E) agents may be useful adjuvant therapy in BRAF(WT/V600E)-MPC patients. Patients with BRAF(WT/V600E)-MPC should be closely followed because of the risk for multifocality/recurrence.
|Year of Publication||
J Natl Cancer Inst
|PubMed Central ID||
R01 CA181183 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007893 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
1R01CA181183-01A1 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
1R21CA165039-01A1 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States