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Cancer research DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-3950

Inhibitor-sensitive FGFR2 and FGFR3 mutations in lung squamous cell carcinoma.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLiao, RG, Jung, J, Tchaicha, JH, Wilkerson, MD, Sivachenko, A, Beauchamp, EM, Pugh, TJ, Pedamallu, CS, Hayes, DN, Gray, NS, Getz, G, Wong, KK, Meyerson, M, Hammerman, PS
JournalCancer research
Date Published2013/06/20

A comprehensive description of genomic alterations in lung squamous cell carcinoma (lung SqCC) has recently been reported, enabling the identification of genomic events that potentially contribute to the oncogenesis of this disease. In lung SqCC, one of the most frequently altered receptor tyrosine kinase families is the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family, with amplification or mutation observed in all four family members. Here, we describe the oncogenic nature of mutations observed in FGFR2 and FGFR3, which are each observed in 3% of samples, for a mutation rate of 6% across both genes. Using cell culture and xenograft models, we show that several of these mutations drive cellular transformation. Transformation can be reversed by several small molecule FGFR inhibitors currently being developed for clinical use. We also show that mutations in the extracellular domains of FGFR2 lead to constitutive FGFR dimerization. Additionally, we report a patient with an FGFR2-mutated oral squamous cell carcinoma who responded to the multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor pazopanib. These findings provide new insights into driving oncogenic events in a subset of lung squamous cancers, and recommend future clinical studies with FGFR inhibitors in patients with lung and head and neck SqCC.