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Nat Commun DOI:10.1038/s41467-019-09277-9

A GPX4-dependent cancer cell state underlies the clear-cell morphology and confers sensitivity to ferroptosis.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsZou, Y, Palte, MJ, Deik, AA, Li, H, Eaton, JK, Wang, W, Tseng, Y-Y, Deasy, R, Kost-Alimova, M, Dančík, V, Leshchiner, ES, Viswanathan, VS, Signoretti, S, Choueiri, TK, Boehm, JS, Wagner, BK, Doench, JG, Clish, CB, Clemons, PA, Schreiber, SL
JournalNat Commun
Volume10
Issue1
Pages1617
Date Published2019 04 08
ISSN2041-1723
KeywordsAged, Animals, Apoptosis, Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors, Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Cell Line, Tumor, CRISPR-Cas Systems, Female, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Gene Knockout Techniques, Glutathione Peroxidase, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Iron, Kidney Neoplasms, Lipid Peroxidation, Male, Mice, Nude, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Proteins, Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase, RNA Interference, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Abstract

Clear-cell carcinomas (CCCs) are a histological group of highly aggressive malignancies commonly originating in the kidney and ovary. CCCs are distinguished by aberrant lipid and glycogen accumulation and are refractory to a broad range of anti-cancer therapies. Here we identify an intrinsic vulnerability to ferroptosis associated with the unique metabolic state in CCCs. This vulnerability transcends lineage and genetic landscape, and can be exploited by inhibiting glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) with small-molecules. Using CRISPR screening and lipidomic profiling, we identify the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway as a driver of this vulnerability. In renal CCCs, HIF-2α selectively enriches polyunsaturated lipids, the rate-limiting substrates for lipid peroxidation, by activating the expression of hypoxia-inducible, lipid droplet-associated protein (HILPDA). Our study suggests targeting GPX4 as a therapeutic opportunity in CCCs, and highlights that therapeutic approaches can be identified on the basis of cell states manifested by morphological and metabolic features in hard-to-treat cancers.

DOI10.1038/s41467-019-09277-9
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30962421?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalNat Commun
PubMed ID30962421
PubMed Central IDPMC6453886
Grant ListP50 CA101942 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007627 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 CA217848 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States