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Nature DOI:10.1038/s41586-019-1102-x

WRN helicase is a synthetic lethal target in microsatellite unstable cancers.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChan, EM, Shibue, T, McFarland, JM, Gaeta, B, Ghandi, M, Dumont, N, Gonzalez, A, McPartlan, JS, Li, T, Zhang, Y, Bin Liu, J, Lazaro, J-B, Gu, P, Piett, CG, Apffel, A, Ali, SO, Deasy, R, Keskula, P, Ng, RWS, Roberts, EA, Reznichenko, E, Leung, L, Alimova, M, Schenone, M, Islam, M, Maruvka, YE, Liu, Y, Roper, J, Raghavan, S, Giannakis, M, Tseng, Y-Y, Nagel, ZD, D'Andrea, A, Root, DE, Boehm, JS, Getz, G, Chang, S, Golub, TR, Tsherniak, A, Vazquez, F, Bass, AJ
JournalNature
Volume568
Issue7753
Pages551-556
Date Published2019 04
ISSN1476-4687
KeywordsApoptosis, Cell Cycle Checkpoints, Cell Line, Tumor, CRISPR-Cas Systems, DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded, Humans, Microsatellite Instability, Microsatellite Repeats, Models, Genetic, Neoplasms, RNA Interference, Synthetic Lethal Mutations, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53, Werner Syndrome Helicase
Abstract

Synthetic lethality-an interaction between two genetic events through which the co-occurrence of these two genetic events leads to cell death, but each event alone does not-can be exploited for cancer therapeutics. DNA repair processes represent attractive synthetic lethal targets, because many cancers exhibit an impairment of a DNA repair pathway, which can lead to dependence on specific repair proteins. The success of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) inhibitors in cancers with deficiencies in homologous recombination highlights the potential of this approach. Hypothesizing that other DNA repair defects would give rise to synthetic lethal relationships, we queried dependencies in cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI), which results from deficient DNA mismatch repair. Here we analysed data from large-scale silencing screens using CRISPR-Cas9-mediated knockout and RNA interference, and found that the RecQ DNA helicase WRN was selectively essential in MSI models in vitro and in vivo, yet dispensable in models of cancers that are microsatellite stable. Depletion of WRN induced double-stranded DNA breaks and promoted apoptosis and cell cycle arrest selectively in MSI models. MSI cancer models required the helicase activity of WRN, but not its exonuclease activity. These findings show that WRN is a synthetic lethal vulnerability and promising drug target for MSI cancers.

DOI10.1038/s41586-019-1102-x
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30971823?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalNature
PubMed ID30971823
PubMed Central IDPMC6580861
Grant ListK08 CA198002 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK034854 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
T32 CA009172 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States