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Cell Rep DOI:10.1016/j.celrep.2019.02.022

Trio Haploinsufficiency Causes Neurodevelopmental Disease-Associated Deficits.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsKatrancha, SMarie, Shaw, JE, Zhao, AY, Myers, SA, Cocco, AR, Jeng, AT, Zhu, M, Pittenger, C, Greer, CA, Carr, SA, Xiao, X, Koleske, AJ
JournalCell Rep
Date Published2019 Mar 05

Heterozygous coding mutations in TRIO are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and epilepsy, and impair TRIO's biochemical activities. To model mutant alleles, we ablated one or both Trio alleles from excitatory neurons in the cortex and hippocampus of mice. Trio haploinsufficiency increases anxiety and impairs social preference and motor coordination. Trio loss reduces forebrain size and dendritic arborization but increases dendritic spine densities. Cortical synapses in Trio haploinsufficient mice are small, exhibit pre- and postsynaptic deficits, and cannot undergo long-term potentiation. Similar phenotypes are observed in Trio knockout mice. Overall, Trio haploinsufficiency causes severe disease-relevant deficits in behavior and neuronal structure and function. Interestingly, phosphodiesterase 4A5 (PDE4A5) levels are reduced and protein kinase A (PKA) signaling is increased when TRIO levels are reduced. Elevation of PDE4A5 and drug-based attenuation of PKA signaling rescue Trio haploinsufficiency-related dendritic spine defects, suggesting an avenue for therapeutic intervention for TRIO-related neurodevelopmental disorders.


Alternate JournalCell Rep
PubMed ID30840899