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Sci Transl Med DOI:10.1126/scitranslmed.3004186

An RNA profile identifies two subsets of multiple sclerosis patients differing in disease activity.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsOttoboni, L, Keenan, BT, Tamayo, P, Kuchroo, M, Mesirov, JP, Buckle, GJ, Khoury, SJ, Hafler, DA, Weiner, HL, De Jager, PL
JournalSci Transl Med
Date Published2012 Sep 26
KeywordsAdult, Cluster Analysis, Demography, Demyelinating Diseases, Disease Progression, Female, Gene Expression Profiling, Glatiramer Acetate, Humans, Interferon-beta, Likelihood Functions, Male, Molecular Sequence Annotation, Multiple Sclerosis, Peptides, RNA, Transcriptome

The multiple sclerosis (MS) patient population is highly heterogeneous in terms of disease course and treatment response. We used a transcriptional profile generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells to define the structure of an MS patient population. Two subsets of MS subjects (MS(A) and MS(B)) were found among 141 untreated subjects. We replicated this structure in two additional groups of MS subjects treated with one of the two first-line disease-modifying treatments in MS: glatiramer acetate (GA) (n = 94) and interferon-β (IFN-β) (n = 128). One of the two subsets of subjects (MS(A)) was distinguished by higher expression of molecules involved in lymphocyte signaling pathways. Further, subjects in this MS(A) subset were more likely to have a new inflammatory event while on treatment with either GA or IFN-β (P = 0.0077). We thus report a transcriptional signature that differentiates subjects with MS into two classes with different levels of disease activity.


Alternate JournalSci Transl Med
PubMed ID23019656
PubMed Central IDPMC3753678
Grant ListP01 AI039671 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
R01 AI091568 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS067305 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States