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Science (New York, N.Y.) DOI:10.1126/science.1157890

Resource partitioning and sympatric differentiation among closely related bacterioplankton.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsHunt, DE, David, LA, Gevers, D, Preheim, SP, Alm, EJ, Polz, MF
JournalScience (New York, N.Y.)
Volume320
Issue5879
Pages1081-5
Date Published2008/05/23
ISSN0036-8075
Abstract

Identifying ecologically differentiated populations within complex microbial communities remains challenging, yet is critical for interpreting the evolution and ecology of microbes in the wild. Here we describe spatial and temporal resource partitioning among Vibrionaceae strains coexisting in coastal bacterioplankton. A quantitative model (AdaptML) establishes the evolutionary history of ecological differentiation, thus revealing populations specific for seasons and life-styles (combinations of free-living, particle, or zooplankton associations). These ecological population boundaries frequently occur at deep phylogenetic levels (consistent with named species); however, recent and perhaps ongoing adaptive radiation is evident in Vibrio splendidus, which comprises numerous ecologically distinct populations at different levels of phylogenetic differentiation. Thus, environmental specialization may be an important correlate or even trigger of speciation among sympatric microbes.

URLhttp://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=short&pmid=18497299
DOI10.1126/science.1157890
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18497299?dopt=Abstract