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Nature DOI:10.1038/nature02424

Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsKellis, M, Birren, BW, Lander, ES
Date Published2004 Apr 08
KeywordsCodon, Evolution, Molecular, Gene Conversion, Gene Duplication, Genes, Fungal, Genome, Fungal, Models, Genetic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Synteny

Whole-genome duplication followed by massive gene loss and specialization has long been postulated as a powerful mechanism of evolutionary innovation. Recently, it has become possible to test this notion by searching complete genome sequence for signs of ancient duplication. Here, we show that the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae arose from ancient whole-genome duplication, by sequencing and analysing Kluyveromyces waltii, a related yeast species that diverged before the duplication. The two genomes are related by a 1:2 mapping, with each region of K. waltii corresponding to two regions of S. cerevisiae, as expected for whole-genome duplication. This resolves the long-standing controversy on the ancestry of the yeast genome, and makes it possible to study the fate of duplicated genes directly. Strikingly, 95% of cases of accelerated evolution involve only one member of a gene pair, providing strong support for a specific model of evolution, and allowing us to distinguish ancestral and derived functions.


Alternate JournalNature
PubMed ID15004568