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Endocrinology DOI:10.1210/en.2004-0543

Chromosomes 6 and 13 harbor genes that regulate pubertal timing in mouse chromosome substitution strains.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsKrewson, TD, Supelak, PJ, Hill, AE, Singer, JB, Lander, ES, Nadeau, JH, Palmert, MR
Date Published2004 Oct
KeywordsAnimals, Chromosomes, Mammalian, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Homozygote, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred Strains, Phenotype, Quantitative Trait Loci, Sexual Maturation, Vagina

Variation in the onset of puberty among inbred strains of mice suggests that quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affect neurological and hormonal aspects of sexual maturation. Taking a novel approach toward identifying factors that regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, we evaluated pubertal timing [as assessed by vaginal opening (VO)] in two inbred strains of mice, A/J and C57BL/6J (B6), and in a panel of chromosome substitution strains (CSSs) generated from A/J and B6 mice. In each CSS, a single chromosome from A/J has been substituted in a homozygous fashion for the corresponding chromosome in B6, partitioning the A/J genome into 22 strains with a common host (B6) background. VO occurred significantly earlier in A/J compared with B6 mice. Although the majority of the CSSs assessed had a timing of VO that was similar to the progenitor B6 strain, CSSs for chromosomes 6 and 13 each displayed significantly earlier time of VO than B6 mice. F1 (B6 x CSS) mice for chromosomes 6 and 13 displayed phenotypes that were intermediate between the CSS and B6 strains, suggesting that the trait was inherited in a codominant manner. These findings demonstrate that chromosomes 6 and 13 harbor QTLs that control the timing of VO. Identification of the responsible genes may reveal factors that regulate the maturation of the HPG axis and determine the timing of puberty.


Alternate JournalEndocrinology
PubMed ID15284200
Grant ListRR12305 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
RR15544 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States