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Cancer Res DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-2552

Small molecules, big players: the National Cancer Institute's Initiative for Chemical Genetics.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsTolliday, N, Clemons, PA, Ferraiolo, P, Koehler, AN, Lewis, TA, Li, X, Schreiber, SL, Gerhard, DS, Eliasof, S
JournalCancer Res
Date Published2006 Sep 15
KeywordsAntineoplastic Agents, Computational Biology, Databases, Genetic, Drug Design, Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor, Genomics, Humans, Models, Molecular, Molecular Probes, National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Neoplasms, United States

In 2002, the National Cancer Institute created the Initiative for Chemical Genetics (ICG), to enable public research using small molecules to accelerate the discovery of cancer-relevant small-molecule probes. The ICG is a public-access research facility consisting of a tightly integrated team of synthetic and analytical chemists, assay developers, high-throughput screening and automation engineers, computational scientists, and software developers. The ICG seeks to facilitate the cross-fertilization of synthetic chemistry and cancer biology by creating a research environment in which new scientific collaborations are possible. To date, the ICG has interacted with 76 biology laboratories from 39 institutions and more than a dozen organic synthetic chemistry laboratories around the country and in Canada. All chemistry and screening data are deposited into the ChemBank web site ( and are available to the entire research community within a year of generation. ChemBank is both a data repository and a data analysis environment, facilitating the exploration of chemical and biological information across many different assays and small molecules. This report outlines how the ICG functions, how researchers can take advantage of its screening, chemistry and informatic capabilities, and provides a brief summary of some of the many important research findings.


Alternate JournalCancer Res.
PubMed ID16982730
Grant ListN01-CO-12400 / CO / NCI NIH HHS / United States