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Diabetes DOI:10.2337/db17-0149

Genetic Variation at the Sulfonylurea Receptor, Type 2 Diabetes, and Coronary Heart Disease.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsEmdin, CA, Klarin, D, Natarajan, P, Florez, JC, Kathiresan, S, Khera, AV
Corporate AuthorsCARDIoGRAM Exome Consortium
JournalDiabetes
Volume66
Issue8
Pages2310-2315
Date Published2017 08
ISSN1939-327X
KeywordsBody Mass Index, Body Weight, Coronary Disease, Databases, Factual, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genetic Variation, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Hypoglycemic Agents, Insulin, Pharmacogenomic Variants, Risk Factors, Sulfonylurea Compounds, Sulfonylurea Receptors, Waist-Hip Ratio
Abstract

Despite widespread clinical use in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, the impact of sulfonylurea therapy on cardiovascular outcomes remains uncertain. Studies of naturally occurring genetic variation can be used to anticipate the expected clinical consequences of a pharmacological therapy. A common missense variant in the gene encoding a component of the sulfonylurea receptor (ABCC8 p.A1369S) promotes closure of the target channel of sulfonylurea therapy and is associated with increased insulin secretion, thus mimicking the effects of sulfonylurea therapy. Using individual-level data from 120,286 participants in the UK Biobank and summary association results from four large-scale genome-wide association studies, we examined the impact of this variant on cardiometabolic traits, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. The p.A1369S variant was associated with a significantly lower risk of type 2 diabetes (odds ratio [OR] 0.93; 95% CI 0.91, 0.95; P = 1.2 × 10-11). The variant was associated with increased BMI (+0.062 kg/m2; 95% CI 0.037, 0.086; P = 8.1 × 10-7) but lower waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI, a marker of abdominal fat distribution. Furthermore, p.A1369S was associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.96, 0.99; P = 5.9 × 10-4). These results suggest that, despite a known association with increased weight, long-term sulfonylurea therapy may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.

DOI10.2337/db17-0149
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28411266?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalDiabetes
PubMed ID28411266
PubMed Central IDPMC5521864
Grant ListKL2 TR001100 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL127564 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007734 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States