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Science DOI:10.1126/science.aao4750

Developmental and oncogenic programs in H3K27M gliomas dissected by single-cell RNA-seq.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsFilbin, MG, Tirosh, I, Hovestadt, V, Shaw, MKL, Escalante, LE, Mathewson, ND, Neftel, C, Frank, N, Pelton, K, Hebert, CM, Haberler, C, Yizhak, K, Gojo, J, Egervari, K, Mount, C, van Galen, P, Bonal, DM, De Nguyen, Q-, Beck, A, Sinai, C, Czech, T, Dorfer, C, Goumnerova, L, Lavarino, C, Carcaboso, AM, Mora, J, Mylvaganam, R, Luo, CC, Peyrl, A, Popović, M, Azizi, A, Batchelor, TT, Frosch, MP, Martinez-Lage, M, Kieran, MW, Bandopadhayay, P, Beroukhim, R, Fritsch, G, Getz, G, Rozenblatt-Rosen, O, Wucherpfennig, KW, Louis, DN, Monje, M, Slavc, I, Ligon, KL, Golub, TR, Regev, A, Bernstein, BE, Suvà, ML
Date Published2018 Apr 20

Gliomas with histone H3 lysine27-to-methionine mutations (H3K27M-glioma) arise primarily in the midline of the central nervous system of young children, suggesting a cooperation between genetics and cellular context in tumorigenesis. Although the genetics of H3K27M-glioma are well characterized, their cellular architecture remains uncharted. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing in 3321 cells from six primary H3K27M-glioma and matched models. We found that H3K27M-glioma primarily contain cells that resemble oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPC-like), whereas more differentiated malignant cells are a minority. OPC-like cells exhibit greater proliferation and tumor-propagating potential than their more differentiated counterparts and are at least in part sustained by signaling. Our study characterizes oncogenic and developmental programs in H3K27M-glioma at single-cell resolution and across genetic subclones, suggesting potential therapeutic targets in this disease.


Alternate JournalScience
PubMed ID29674595