Association of Rare and Common Variation in the Lipoprotein Lipase Gene With Coronary Artery Disease.


Importance: The activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate-determining step in clearing triglyceride-rich lipoproteins from the circulation. Mutations that damage the LPL gene (LPL) lead to lifelong deficiency in enzymatic activity and can provide insight into the relationship of LPL to human disease.

Objective: To determine whether rare and/or common variants in LPL are associated with early-onset coronary artery disease (CAD).

Design, Setting, and Participants: In a cross-sectional study, LPL was sequenced in 10 CAD case-control cohorts of the multinational Myocardial Infarction Genetics Consortium and a nested CAD case-control cohort of the Geisinger Health System DiscovEHR cohort between 2010 and 2015. Common variants were genotyped in up to 305 699 individuals of the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium and up to 120 600 individuals of the CARDIoGRAM Exome Consortium between 2012 and 2014. Study-specific estimates were pooled via meta-analysis.

Exposures: Rare damaging mutations in LPL included loss-of-function variants and missense variants annotated as pathogenic in a human genetics database or predicted to be damaging by computer prediction algorithms trained to identify mutations that impair protein function. Common variants in the LPL gene region included those independently associated with circulating triglyceride levels.

Main Outcomes and Measures: Circulating lipid levels and CAD.

Results: Among 46 891 individuals with LPL gene sequencing data available, the mean (SD) age was 50 (12.6) years and 51% were female. A total of 188 participants (0.40%; 95% CI, 0.35%-0.46%) carried a damaging mutation in LPL, including 105 of 32 646 control participants (0.32%) and 83 of 14 245 participants with early-onset CAD (0.58%). Compared with 46 703 noncarriers, the 188 heterozygous carriers of an LPL damaging mutation displayed higher plasma triglyceride levels (19.6 mg/dL; 95% CI, 4.6-34.6 mg/dL) and higher odds of CAD (odds ratio = 1.84; 95% CI, 1.35-2.51; P 

Conclusions and Relevance: The presence of rare damaging mutations in LPL was significantly associated with higher triglyceride levels and presence of coronary artery disease. However, further research is needed to assess whether there are causal mechanisms by which heterozygous lipoprotein lipase deficiency could lead to coronary artery disease.

Year of Publication
Date Published
2017 03 07
PubMed ID
Grant list
K08 HL114642 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL102925 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RE/13/1/30181 / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
RC2 HL103010 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL131961 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
CS/14/2/30841 / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
R35 HL135824 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL127564 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 HL125751 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL102924 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL102923 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U54 HG003067 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL109946 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MR/L01629X/1 / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
RC2 HL102926 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MR/L003120/1 / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
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