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Cell Syst DOI:10.1016/j.cels.2017.01.002

In Situ Peroxidase Labeling and Mass-Spectrometry Connects Alpha-Synuclein Directly to Endocytic Trafficking and mRNA Metabolism in Neurons.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsChung, CYeun, Khurana, V, Yi, S, Sahni, N, Loh, KH, Auluck, PK, Baru, V, Udeshi, ND, Freyzon, Y, Carr, SA, Hill, DE, Vidal, M, Ting, AY, Lindquist, S
JournalCell Syst
Volume4
Issue2
Pages242-250.e4
Date Published2017 Feb 22
ISSN2405-4712
Abstract

Synucleinopathies, including Parkinson's disease (PD), are associated with the misfolding and mistrafficking of alpha-synuclein (α-syn). Here, using an ascorbate peroxidase (APEX)-based labeling method combined with mass spectrometry, we defined a network of proteins in the immediate vicinity of α-syn in living neurons to shed light on α-syn function. This approach identified 225 proteins, including synaptic proteins, proteins involved in endocytic vesicle trafficking, the retromer complex, phosphatases and mRNA binding proteins. Many were in complexes with α-syn, and some were encoded by genes known to be risk factors for PD and other neurodegenerative diseases. Endocytic trafficking and mRNA translation proteins within this spatial α-syn map overlapped with genetic modifiers of α-syn toxicity, developed in an accompanying study (Khurana et al., this issue of Cell Systems). Our data suggest that perturbation of these particular pathways is directly related to the spatial localization of α-syn within the cell. These approaches provide new avenues to systematically examine protein function and pathology in living cells.

DOI10.1016/j.cels.2017.01.002
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28131823?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalCell Syst
PubMed ID28131823