|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Journal||Curr Opin Biotechnol|
|Date Published||2017 Dec|
The bacterial type II Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR Associated (Cas) systems, and in particular Streptococcus pyogenes CRISPR-Cas9, have been broadly applied to edit the genome of bacterial and eukaryotic cells. Cas9, which is an RNA-guided programmable nuclease, is a powerful tool for disrupting protein-coding genes. Cas9 cleaves target sites to generate a double-strand break (DSB) that is repaired via an error-prone repair process, leading to insertion/deletion mutations and gene knockouts. However, Cas9 can also be used to modulate genome function without gene disruption, enabling base editing, transcriptional and epigenetic reprogramming, genome imaging, cellular barcoding, genetic recording, and genetic computation.
|Alternate Journal||Curr. Opin. Biotechnol.|