Discovery of Novel DNA Gyrase Inhibiting Spiropyrimidinetriones: Benzisoxazole Fusion with N-Linked Oxazolidinone Substituents Leading to a Clinical Candidate (ETX0914).
A novel class of bacterial type-II topoisomerase inhibitor displaying a spiropyrimidinetrione architecture fused to a benzisoxazole scaffold shows potent activity against Gram-positive and fastidious Gram-negative bacteria. Here, we describe a series of N-linked oxazolidinone substituents on the benzisoxazole that improve upon the antibacterial activity of initially described compounds of the class, show favorable PK properties, and demonstrate efficacy in an in vivo Staphylococcus aureus infection model. Inhibition of the topoisomerases DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV from both Gram-positive and a Gram-negative organisms was demonstrated. Compounds showed a clean in vitro toxicity profile, including no genotoxicity and no bone marrow toxicity at the highest evaluated concentrations or other issues that have been problematic for some fluoroquinolones. Compound 1u was identified for advancement into human clinical trials for treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea based on a variety of beneficial attributes including the potent activity and the favorable safety profile.
|Year of Publication
J Med Chem
2015 Aug 13