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Brain Res DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2016.03.051

Studying human disease using human neurons.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAhfeldt, T, Litterman, NK, Rubin, LL
JournalBrain Res
Date Published2017 Feb 01
KeywordsAnimals, Drug Discovery, Humans, Nervous System Diseases, Neurons

Utilizing patient derived cells has enormous promise for discovering new drugs for diseases of the nervous system, a goal that has been historically quite challenging. In this review, we will outline the potential of human stem cell derived neuron models for assessing therapeutics and high-throughput screening and compare to more traditional drug discovery strategies. We summarize recent successes of the approach and discuss special considerations for developing human stem cell based assays. New technologies, such as genome editing, offer improvements to help overcome the challenges that remain. Finally, human neurons derived from patient cells have advantages for translational research beyond drug screening as they can also be used to identify individual efficacy and safety prior to clinical testing and for dissecting disease mechanisms. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled SI: Exploiting human neurons.


Alternate JournalBrain Res.
PubMed ID27060768
PubMed Central IDPMC5053850
Grant ListP01 NS066888 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States