You are here

Cell Stem Cell DOI:10.1016/j.stem.2016.11.011

Genetic Ablation of AXL Does Not Protect Human Neural Progenitor Cells and Cerebral Organoids from Zika Virus Infection.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWells, MF, Salick, MR, Wiskow, O, Ho, DJ, Worringer, KA, Ihry, RJ, Kommineni, S, Bilican, B, Klim, JR, Hill, EJ, Kane, LT, Ye, C, Kaykas, A, Eggan, K
JournalCell Stem Cell
Volume19
Issue6
Pages703-708
Date Published2016 Dec 01
ISSN1875-9777
KeywordsCell Death, Cerebrum, Gene Deletion, Gene Knockout Techniques, Humans, Neural Stem Cells, Neuroprotection, Organoids, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Zika Virus Infection
Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) can cross the placental barrier, resulting in infection of the fetal brain and neurological defects including microcephaly. The cellular tropism of ZIKV and the identity of attachment factors used by the virus to gain access to key cell types involved in pathogenesis are under intense investigation. Initial studies suggested that ZIKV preferentially targets neural progenitor cells (NPCs), providing an explanation for the developmental phenotypes observed in some pregnancies. The AXL protein has been nominated as a key attachment factor for ZIKV in several cell types including NPCs. However, here we show that genetic ablation of AXL has no effect on ZIKV entry or ZIKV-mediated cell death in human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived NPCs or cerebral organoids. These findings call into question the utility of AXL inhibitors for preventing birth defects after infection and suggest that further studies of viral attachment factors in NPCs are needed.

DOI10.1016/j.stem.2016.11.011
Pubmed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27912091?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalCell Stem Cell
PubMed ID27912091