Genetic modification of inflammation and clonal hematopoiesis-associated cardiovascular risk.
Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), putatively via inflammasome activation. We pursued an inflammatory gene modifier scan for CHIP-associated CVD risk among 424,651 UK Biobank participants. CHIP was identified using whole exome sequencing data of blood DNA and modeled both as a composite and for common drivers (DNMT3A, TET2, ASXL1, and JAK2) separately. We developed predicted gene expression scores for 26 inflammasome-related genes and assessed how they modify CHIP-associated CVD risk. We identify IL1RAP as a potential key molecule for CHIP-associated CVD risk across genes and increased AIM2 gene expression leading to heightened JAK2- and ASXL1-associated CVD risks. We show that CRISPR-induced Asxl1 mutated murine macrophages have a particularly heightened inflammatory response to AIM2 agonism, associated with an increased DNA damage response, as well as increased IL-10 secretion, mirroring a CVD protective effect of IL10 expression in ASXL1 CHIP. Our study supports the role of inflammasomes in CHIP-associated CVD and provides new evidence to support gene-specific strategies to address CHIP-associated CVD risk.
|Year of Publication||
The Journal of clinical investigation