Musashi-1 regulates cell cycle and confers resistance to cisplatin treatment in Group 3/4 medulloblastomas cells.

Human cell

Groups (Grp) 3 and 4 are aggressive molecular subgroups of medulloblastoma (MB), with high rates of leptomeningeal dissemination. To date, there is still a paucity of biomarkers for these subtypes of MBs. In this study, we investigated the clinical significance and biological functions of Musashi-1 (MSI1) in Grp3 and Grp4-MBs. First, we assessed the expression profile of MSI1 in 59 primary MB samples (15-WNT, 18-SHH, 9-Grp3, and 17-Grp4 subgroups) by qRT-PCR. MSI1 mRNA expression levels were also validated in an additional public dataset of MBs (GSE85217). The ROC curve was used to validate the diagnostic standards of MSI1 expression. Next, the potential correlated cell-cycle genes were measured by RNA-Seq. Cell cycle, cell viability, and apoptosis were evaluated in a Grp3/Grp4 MB cell line after knockdown of MSI1 and cisplatin treatment. We identified an overexpression of MSI1 with a high accuracy to discriminate Grp3/Grp4-MBs from non-Grp3/Grp4-MBs. We identified that MSI1 knockdown not only triggered transcriptional changes in the cell-cycle pathway, but also affected G2/M phase in vitro, supporting the role of knockdown of MSI1 in cell-cycle arrest. Finally, MSI1 knockdown decreased cell viability and sensitized D283-Med cells to cisplatin treatment by enhancing cell apoptosis. Based on these findings, we suggest that MSI1 modulates cell-cycle progression and may play a role as biomarker for Grp3/Grp4-MBs. In addition, MSI1 knockdown combined with cisplatin may offer a potential strategy to be further explored in Grp3/Grp4-MBs.

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Human cell
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