The Transposon-Encoded Protein TnpB Processes Its Own mRNA into ωRNA for Guided Nuclease Activity.
TnpB is a member of the Obligate Mobile Element Guided Activity (OMEGA) RNA-guided nuclease family, is harbored in transposons, and likely functions to maintain the transposon in genomes. Previously, it was shown that TnpB cleaves double- and single-stranded DNA substrates in an RNA-guided manner, but the biogenesis of the TnpB ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex is unknown. Using purified apo TnpB, we demonstrate the ability of TnpB to generate guide omegaRNA (ωRNA) from its own mRNA through 5' processing. We also uncover a potential -regulatory mechanism whereby a region of the TnpB mRNA inhibits DNA cleavage by the RNP complex. We further expand the characterization of TnpB by examining ωRNA processing and RNA-guided nuclease activity in 59 orthologs spanning the natural diversity of the TnpB family. This work reveals a new functionality, ωRNA biogenesis, of TnpB, and characterizes additional members of this biotechnologically useful family of programmable enzymes.
|Year of Publication||
The CRISPR journal