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J Am Chem Soc DOI:10.1021/ja412934t

Identification of ligand-target pairs from combined libraries of small molecules and unpurified protein targets in cell lysates.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMcGregor, LM, Jain, T, Liu, DR
JournalJ Am Chem Soc
Date Published2014 Feb 26
KeywordsAntibodies, Biotin, DNA, HeLa Cells, Humans, Ligands, Proteins, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Small Molecule Libraries, Streptavidin

We describe the development and validation of interaction determination using unpurified proteins (IDUP), a method that selectively amplifies DNA sequences identifying ligand+target pairs from a mixture of DNA-linked small molecules and unpurified protein targets in cell lysates. By operating in cell lysates, IDUP preserves native post-translational modifications and interactions with endogenous binding partners, thereby enabling the study of difficult-to-purify targets and increasing the potential biological relevance of detected interactions compared with methods that require purified proteins. In IDUP, target proteins are associated with DNA oligonucleotide tags either non-covalently using a DNA-linked antibody or covalently using a SNAP-tag. Ligand-target binding promotes hybridization of a self-priming hairpin that is extended by a DNA polymerase to create a DNA strand that contains sequences identifying both the target and its ligand. These sequences encoding ligand+target pairs are selectively amplified by PCR and revealed by high-throughput DNA sequencing. IDUP can respond to the effect of affinity-modulating adaptor proteins in cell lysates that would be absent in ligand screening or selection methods using a purified protein target. This capability was exemplified by the 100-fold amplification of DNA sequences encoding FRB+rapamycin or FKBP+rapamycin in samples overexpressing both FRB and FKBP (FRB·rapamycin+FKBP, Kd ≈ 100 fM; FKBP·rapamycin+FRB, Kd = 12 nM). In contrast, these sequences were amplified 10-fold less efficiently in samples overexpressing either FRB or FKBP alone (rapamycin+FKBP, Kd ≈ 0.2 nM; rapamcyin+FRB, Kd = 26 μM). Finally, IDUP was used to process a model library of DNA-linked small molecules and a model library of cell lysates expressing SNAP-target fusions combined in a single sample. In this library×library experiment, IDUP resulted in enrichment of sequences corresponding to five known ligand+target pairs ranging in binding affinity from Kd = 0.2 nM to 3.2 μM out of 67,858 possible combinations, with no false positive signals enriched to the same extent as that of any of the bona fide ligand+target pairs.


Alternate JournalJ. Am. Chem. Soc.
PubMed ID24495225
PubMed Central IDPMC3985698
Grant ListR01 GM065865 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R01GM065865 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States