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J Biol Chem DOI:10.1016/j.jbc.2022.102183

Selenoprotein TXNRD3 supports male fertility via the redox regulation of spermatogenesis.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsDou, Q, Turanov, AA, Mariotti, M, Hwang, JYeon, Wang, H, Lee, S-G, Paulo, JA, Yim, SHee, Gygi, SP, Chung, J-J, Gladyshev, VN
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published2022 Jun 23

Thioredoxin/glutathione reductase (TGR, TXNRD3) is a selenoprotein composed of thioredoxin reductase and glutaredoxin domains. This NADPH-dependent thiol oxidoreductase evolved through gene duplication within the Txnrd family, is expressed in the testes, and can reduce both thioredoxin and glutathione in vitro; however, the function of this enzyme remains unknown. To characterize the function of TXNRD3 in vivo, we generated a strain of mice bearing deletion of Txnrd3 gene. We show that these Txnrd3 knockout mice are viable and without discernable gross phenotypes, but also that TXNRD3 deficiency leads to fertility impairment in male mice. We found that Txnrd3 knockout animals exhibited a lower fertilization rate in vitro, a sperm movement phenotype, and an altered thiol redox status in sperm cells. Proteomic analyses further revealed a broad range of substrates reduced by TXNRD3 during sperm maturation, presumably as a part of sperm quality control. Taken together, these results show that TXNRD3 plays a critical role in male reproduction via the thiol redox control of spermatogenesis.


Alternate JournalJ Biol Chem
PubMed ID35753352