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Front Genet DOI:10.3389/fgene.2020.00554

Understanding the Emergence of Multidrug-Resistant : Using Whole-Genome Sequencing to Describe the Population Structure of Species Complex.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsGade, L, Muñoz, JF, Sheth, M, Wagner, D, Berkow, EL, Forsberg, K, Jackson, BR, Ramos-Castro, R, Escandón, P, Dolande, M, Ben-Ami, R, Espinosa-Bode, A, Caceres, DH, Lockhart, SR, Cuomo, CA, Litvintseva, AP
JournalFront Genet
Volume11
Pages554
Date Published2020
ISSN1664-8021
Abstract

The recent emergence of a multidrug-resistant yeast, , has drawn attention to the closely related species from the complex that include , and the recently identified . Here, we used antifungal susceptibility testing and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to investigate drug resistance and genetic diversity among isolates of complex from different geographic areas in order to assess population structure and the extent of clonality among strains. Although most isolates of all four species were genetically distinct, we detected evidence of the in-hospital transmission of and in one hospital in Panama, indicating that these species are also capable of causing outbreaks in healthcare settings. We also detected evidence of the rising azole resistance among isolates of and in Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela linked to substitutions in gene as well as amplification of this gene in in isolates in Colombia suggesting the presence of evolutionary pressure for developing azole resistance in this region. Our results demonstrate that these species need to be monitored as possible causes of outbreaks of invasive infection.

DOI10.3389/fgene.2020.00554
Pubmed

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32587603?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalFront Genet
PubMed ID32587603
PubMed Central IDPMC7298116
Grant ListU19 AI110818 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States