|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Gabriele, M, Brandão, HB, Grosse-Holz, S, Jha, A, Dailey, GM, Cattoglio, C, Hsieh, T-HS, Mirny, L, Zechner, C, Hansen, AS|
|Date Published||2022 Apr 14|
Animal genomes are folded into loops and topologically associating domains (TADs) by CTCF and loop extruding cohesins, but the live dynamics of loop formation and stability remain unknown. Here, we directly visualize chromatin looping at the TAD in mouse embryonic stem cells using super-resolution live-cell imaging and quantify looping dynamics by Bayesian inference. Unexpectedly, the loop is both rare and dynamic, with a looped fraction of ~3-6.5% and a median loop lifetime of ~10-30 min. Our results establish that the TAD is highly dynamic, where ~92% of the time cohesin-extruded loops exist within the TAD without bridging both CTCF boundaries. This suggests that single CTCF boundaries rather than the fully CTCF-CTCF looped state may be the primary regulators of functional interactions.
|Grant List||DP2 GM140938 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States |
R00 GM130896 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R33 CA257878 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States