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Science DOI:10.1126/science.abn6583

Dynamics of CTCF- and cohesin-mediated chromatin looping revealed by live-cell imaging.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGabriele, M, Brandão, HB, Grosse-Holz, S, Jha, A, Dailey, GM, Cattoglio, C, Hsieh, T-HS, Mirny, L, Zechner, C, Hansen, AS
Date Published2022 Apr 14

Animal genomes are folded into loops and topologically associating domains (TADs) by CTCF and loop extruding cohesins, but the live dynamics of loop formation and stability remain unknown. Here, we directly visualize chromatin looping at the TAD in mouse embryonic stem cells using super-resolution live-cell imaging and quantify looping dynamics by Bayesian inference. Unexpectedly, the loop is both rare and dynamic, with a looped fraction of ~3-6.5% and a median loop lifetime of ~10-30 min. Our results establish that the TAD is highly dynamic, where ~92% of the time cohesin-extruded loops exist within the TAD without bridging both CTCF boundaries. This suggests that single CTCF boundaries rather than the fully CTCF-CTCF looped state may be the primary regulators of functional interactions.


Alternate JournalScience
PubMed ID35420890
Grant ListDP2 GM140938 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R00 GM130896 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R33 CA257878 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States