Inhibition of Histone Deacetylases 1, 2, and 3 Enhances Clearance of Cholesterol Accumulation in Niemann-Pick C1 Fibroblasts.
Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1) is a rare genetic cholesterol storage disorder caused by mutations in the gene. Mutations in this transmembrane late endosome protein lead to loss of normal cholesterol efflux from late endosomes and lysosomes. It has been shown that broad spectrum histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi's) such as Vorinostat correct the cholesterol accumulation phenotype in the majority of NPC1 mutants tested in cultured cells. In order to determine the optimal specificity for HDACi correction of the mutant NPC1s, we screened 76 HDACi's of varying specificity. We tested the ability of these HDACi's to correct the excess accumulation of cholesterol in patient fibroblast cells that homozygously express , the most common mutation. We determined that inhibition of HDACs 1, 2, and 3 is important for correcting the defect, and combined inhibition of all three is needed to achieve the greatest effect, suggesting a need for multiple effects of the HDACi treatments. Identifying the specific HDACs involved in the process of regulating cholesterol trafficking in NPC1 will help to focus the search for more specific druggable targets.
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ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci
2021 Jun 11
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