Scientific Publications

Global chromatin profiling reveals NSD2 mutations in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsJaffe, JD, Wang Y., Chan HM, Zhang J., Huether R., Kryukov GV, Bhang HE, Taylor JE, Hu M., Englund NP, Yan F., Wang Z., Robert McDonald E 3rd, Wei L., Ma J., Easton J., Yu Z., Debeaumount R., Gibaja V., Venkatesan K., Schlegel R., Sellers WR, Keen N., Liu J., Caponigro G., Barretina J., Cooke VG, Mullighan C., Carr SA, Downing J. R., Garraway LA, and Stegmeier F.
AbstractEpigenetic dysregulation is an emerging hallmark of cancers. We developed a high-information-content mass spectrometry approach to profile global histone modifications in human cancers. When applied to 115 lines from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia, this approach identified distinct molecular chromatin signatures. One signature was characterized by increased histone 3 lysine 36 (H3K36) dimethylation, exhibited by several lines harboring translocations in NSD2, which encodes a methyltransferase. A previously unknown NSD2 p.Glu1099Lys (p.E1099K) variant was identified in nontranslocated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines sharing this signature. Ectopic expression of the variant induced a chromatin signature characteristic of NSD2 hyperactivation and promoted transformation. NSD2 knockdown selectively inhibited the proliferation of NSD2-mutant lines and impaired the in vivo growth of an NSD2-mutant ALL xenograft. Sequencing analysis of >1,000 pediatric cancer genomes identified the NSD2 p.E1099K alteration in 14% of t(12;21) ETV6-RUNX1-containing ALLs. These findings identify NSD2 as a potential therapeutic target for pediatric ALL and provide a general framework for the functional annotation of cancer epigenomes.
Year of Publication2013
JournalNature genetics
Volume45
Issue11
Pages1386-91
Date Published (YYYY/MM/DD)2013/11/01
ISSN Number1061-4036
DOI10.1038/ng.2777
PubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24076604?dopt=Abstract