How to make Picard and BWA compatible for mtDNA
Posted in Ask the GATK team | Last updated on 2013-01-07 20:40:49


Comments (1)

Picard appears not to like the way BWA codes mtDNA. I am doing human exome sequencing using a copy of hg19 which I obtained from UCSC and indexed using BWA per the instructions here:

Example 1

[Tue Aug 28 12:45:16 EDT 2012] net.sf.picard.sam.SortSam done. Elapsed time: 0.01 minutes.
Runtime.totalMemory()=125435904
FAQ: http://sourceforge.net/apps/mediawiki/picard/index.php?title=Main_Page
Exception in thread "main" net.sf.samtools.SAMFormatException: Error parsing text SAM file. Non-numeric value in ISIZE column; Line 3982
Line: FCC0CHTACXX:1:1101:14789:3170#TAGCTTAT 117 chrM 304415842 0 100M = -1610645157 2379906297 TGCGACTTGGAAGCGGATTCAGAGGACAGGACAGAACACTTGGGCAAGTGAATCTCTGTCTGTCTGTCTGTCTCATTGGTTGGTTTATTTCCATTTTCTT B@<:>CDDDBDDBDEEEEEEFEFCCHHFHHGGIIIHIGJJJIIGGGIIIIJJJIIGJIJGG@CEIFJIJJJJIJIJIJJJJIJJJGIHHGHFFEFFFCCC RG:Z:1868 XT:A:R NM:i:2 SM:i:0 AM:i:0 X0:i:2 X1:i:0 XM:i:2 XO:i:0 XG:i:0 MD:Z:39G45G14 XA:Z:chrM,-391302964,100M,2;
at net.sf.samtools.SAMTextReader.reportFatalErrorParsingLine(SAMTextReader.java:223)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMTextReader.access$400(SAMTextReader.java:40)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMTextReader$RecordIterator.parseInt(SAMTextReader.java:293)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMTextReader$RecordIterator.parseLine(SAMTextReader.java:394)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMTextReader$RecordIterator.next(SAMTextReader.java:278)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMTextReader$RecordIterator.next(SAMTextReader.java:250)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMFileReader$AssertableIterator.next(SAMFileReader.java:641)
at net.sf.samtools.SAMFileReader$AssertableIterator.next(SAMFileReader.java:619)
at net.sf.picard.sam.SortSam.doWork(SortSam.java:68)
at net.sf.picard.cmdline.CommandLineProgram.instanceMain(CommandLineProgram.java:177)
at net.sf.picard.cmdline.CommandLineProgram.instanceMainWithExit(CommandLineProgram.java:119)
at net.sf.picard.sam.SortSam.main(SortSam.java:57)

Example 2

java -jar ~/bin/picard-tools-1.74/MarkDuplicates.jar \
INPUT=1sorted.bam \
OUTPUT=1dedup.bam \
ASSUME_SORTED=true \
METRICS_FILE=metrics \
CREATE_INDEX=true \
VALIDATION_STRINGENCY=LENIENT

...
Ignoring SAM validation error: ERROR: Record 691, Read name FCC0CHTACXX:1:1302:4748:176644#GGCTACAT, Mate Alignment start (436154938) must be <= reference sequence length (16571) on reference chrM
Ignoring SAM validation error: ERROR: Record 692, Read name FCC0CHTACXX:1:2104:8494:167812#GGCTACAT, Mate Alignment start should != 0 because reference name != *.
Ignoring SAM validation error: ERROR: Record 693, Read name FCC0CHTACXX:1:1201:21002:183608#GGCTACAT, Mate Alignment start should != 0 because reference name != *.
Ignoring SAM validation error: ERROR: Record 694, Read name FCC0CHTACXX:1:2303:3184:35872#GGCTACAT, Mate Alignment start (436154812) must be <= reference sequence length (16571) on reference chrM
...

I've truncated the output; in fact it throws such an error for every single line of mitochondrial reads.

I suspect I could solve this by writing my own script to go in and change the way one column is coded, but more broadly, I am interested in the answer to "how do you make BWA, Picard and GATK work seamlessly together without needing to do your own scripting"?


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